These are both basic and challenging questions that can be put forward for Theists and Non-Theists to consider. Although there may exist many apologetic resources that intend to answer such questions, I first encourage my audience to deal with the questions at face-value. Before consulting a William Lane Craig or a Ravi Zacharias to help answer these questions, I first implore my audience, for the sake of honesty and the value of thinking on one’s own two feet to read these questions, absorb them directly for what they are, and proceed to address them based upon what can be known. It is this first process that will yield the best way to move forward in one’s desire to acknowledge what is true. Thank you!
1) God is by definition unseen. Why?
2) God is by definition undetectable. Why? How?
3) God is defined as uncaused. Why? How?
4) God is thought to be all-powerful. (Can he create a stone that is too heavy for himself to lift?)
5) God is thought to be all-loving and all-powerful, and yet there is suffering?
6) God is thought to be the source of objective moral truths? Are things good because God says so, or are they good independently of God saying so? (The Euthyphro Dilemma)
7) God is said to have created all things? My friends, who created God?
8) God is thought to be an unembodied mind? My friends, is there any evidence that minds can exist apart from being conceived of within physical brains?
9) Theism often defines God as being a singular person, as in, only one God, what reason is there to think only one God exists as opposed to 0, 2, 3, or even millions more?
10) God is often thought to be relational? Why is it that millions of honest seekers do not have an awareness of God in the world? (i.e. praying for years on end with no inkling that anyone else hears or is aware of these petitions?)
11) Why would a good God allow evil?
12) Why would a good God allow the majority of humans to fall into sin and evil?
13) Why would a loving God create an eternal hell?
14) Why would God need any kind of atonement or transaction so as to forgive sin? Couldn’t God just forgive?
15) Is it logical to favor faith over evidence?
16) Is faith a form of knowledge or is it separate from that?
17) Must knowledge about God be so private and subjective?
18) Should certainty be dictated by evidence or a strong desire that Theism is true?
19) Why are God beliefs so closely tied to culture and specific regions of the world where people dwell?
20) Is freewill just an illusion created by a sense of self-awareness?
21) At what point within the evolution of our species did we become special moral agents, distinct from our other primate cousins? (i.e. Humans and chimpanzees have about 99% DNA compatibility).
22) Is morality a human construct? If not, how can we disprove it?
23) Why are claims about God unable to be tested and/or falsified? Does this help or hinder Theistic claims?
24) Is there any immediate reason to dismiss other claims that cannot be falsified in favor of a Theistic God? To illustrate my point, why should I favor the existence of Yahweh over the existence of Thor or Zeus? Are either of these perspectives less extraordinary and more in line with readily presented reasons to reject the one in favor of the other? If so, why? What is your evidence? If not, why? What is your reasoning?
25) Should one favor belief in God simply because it is thought to be more rewarding? Is this a good litmus test for discerning whether it is a true belief to hold? Why or why not?